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Server Side Includes

Server Side Includes is an extrememly useful and time-saving tool. It can allow you to incorporate the contents of a file in other documents simply by placing a reference to that file in the documents, thus avoiding the work of entering in all the information numerous times. This can be especially helpful if you have information that appears the same in numerous documents, such as footers and headers. When changing the contents of the included file, the change is propogated immediately into all the documents that contained a reference to that file.

To allow server side includes on your web server, you should first familiarize yourself with the configuration files for your web server which is based on Apache 1.2.6 software. An excellent on-line resource can be found at the Apache Web Site. See also the books we have recommended to the right.

To allow server side includes from any html file in any directory do the following:
  1. Uncomment out the following "AddType" directive in the ~/www/conf/httpd.conf file on your Virtual Server:

      AddType text/x-server-parsed-html .html

    You may want to add a Type for .htm files:

      AddType text/x-server-parsed-html .htm

  2. Add an Includes option to the Options for your Root Document declaration in the access.conf file:

      Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Includes

  3. Restart your web server:

        % restart_apache
Recommended Books
You can also learn about Server Side Includes in some of the Web Server Configuration and Web Security books we list.

Administration Utilities

About Apache Server

Virtual Server Basics

CGI Scriptorium

Web Server Configuration

Advanced Server Configuration


Apache: Web Server Directives Guidebook


Apache Server Bible


Apache : The Definitive Guide (2nd Edition, 1999)


Administering Web Servers, Security and Maintenance
Administering Web Servers, Security and Maintenance


Apache Server for Dummies
Apache Server for Dummies

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